Recently published research articles
Plasticized drug-loaded melt electrospun polymer mats: characterization, thermal degradation, and release kinetics
Melt electrospinning (MES) was used to prepare fast dissolving fibrous drug delivery systems in the presence of plasticizers. This new method was found promising in the field of pharmaceutical formulation because it combines the advantages of melt extrusion and solvent-based electrospinning. Lowering of the process temperature was performed using plasticizers in order to avoid undesired thermal degradation. Carvedilol (CAR), a poorly water-soluble and thermal-sensitive model drug, was introduced into an amorphous methacrylate terpolymer matrix, Eudragit® E, suitable for fiber formation. Three plasticizers (triacetin, Tween® 80, and polyethylene glycol 1500) were tested, all of which lowered the process temperature effectively. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and Raman microspectrometry investigations showed that crystalline CAR turned into an amorphous form during processing and preserved it for longer time. In vitro dissolution studies revealed ultrafast drug dissolution of the fibrous samples. According to the HPLC impurity tests, the reduced stability of CAR under conditions applied without plasticizer could be avoided using plasticizers, whereas storage tests also indicated the importance of optimizing the process parameters during MES.
Solvent-free melt electrospinning for preparation of fast dissolving drug delivery system and comparison with solvent-based electrospun and melt extruded systems
The solvent-free melt electrospinning (MES) method was developed to prepare a drug delivery system with fast release of carvedilol (CAR), a drug with poor water solubility. To the authors knowledge, this is the first report for preparing drug-loaded melt electrospun fibers. Cationic methacrylate copolymer of Eudragit® E type was used as a fiber forming polymer matrix. For comparison, ethanol-based electrospinning and melt extrusion (EX) methods were used to produce samples that had the same composition as the melt electrospun system. According to the results of scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and Fourier transformed infrared spectrometry investigations, amorphous solid nanodispersions/solutions of CAR in Eudragit® E matrix were obtained in all cases with 20 m/m % drug content. In vitro drug release in acidic media from the extrudates was significantly faster (5 min) than that from crystalline CAR. Moreover, ultrafast drug release was achieved from the solvent-free melt and ethanol-based electrospun samples because of their huge surface area and the soluble polymer matrix in the acidic media. These results demonstrate that solvent-free MES is a promising, novel technique for the production of drug delivery systems with enhanced dissolution because it can combine the advantages of EX (e.g., solvent-free, continuous process, and effective amorphization) and solvent-based electrospinning (huge product surface area).